A pattern is a series of offensive and defensive movements against an imaginary opponent or opponents. Starting and finishing on the same spot.
At 9th Kup you know only one pattern. (Four directional punch / block are known as exercises, Chon Ji is the first Taekwon-Do Pattern)
Chon Ji means literally, the Heaven and the Earth. It is, in the Orient interpreted as the creation of the world and the beginning of human history, therefore it is the initial pattern learned by the beginner. The pattern consists of two similar parts, one representing the Heaven and the other the Earth.
Yellow signifies the earth from which the plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwon-Do foundation is laid.
Boosabum or National Instructor (1st to 3rd Dan) Sabum or International Instructor (4th to 6th Dan) Sahyung or Master (7th and 8th Dan) Saseung Grandmaster (9th Dan)
Sabum or International Instructor
Hanna, Dool, Set, Net, Tasot, Yasot, Ilgop, Yodul, Ahop, Yol, Yol-Hanna, Yol-Dool, Yol-Set, Yol-Net, Yol-Tasot, Yol-Yasot, Yol-Ilgop, Yol-Yodul, Yol-Ahop, Samul.
L Stance, Inner forearm, Middle block – Niunja So An palmok, Kaunde makgi Walking stance, Outer forearm, Low block – Gunnun So, Bakkat palmok, Najunde makgi
Charyot sogi (Attention stance) Feet form a 45° angle Narani sogi (Parallel stance) 1 Shoulder width measured Outside to outside Annun sogi (Sitting stance) 1½ Shoulder width measured Inside to inside Gunnun sogi (Walking stance) 1 Shoulder width centre of feet, 1½ Shoulder width long measured Toe to Toe Front foot points forward, rear foot pointing outward by 25° Weight distributed 50% front leg and 50% rear leg Niunja sogi (L stance) 1½ Shoulder width measured Toes to outside rear foot Toes of both feet point in by 15° Weight distributed 30% front leg and 70% rear leg
At the moment, just think which ever leg is most bent identifies the stance. For example if the right leg is most bent then you are in a right stance. Note: In ‘L’ stance the rear leg is most bent.
Sitting stance is 1 and a half shoulder width wide.


1) 10 sitting stance punches
2) 20 push ups
3) Walking stance front snap kick, obverse punch, reverse punch
4) Walking stance inner forearm middle block, reverse punch


1) Saju makgi (Four direction block)
2) Saju jirugi (Four direction punch)
3) Chon-Ji